Australia is a territory of variations as well as wide selection. Its actual natural scenery ranges from desert sand and bush land in the central region, to the rain-forests in the north lands, and to snowfields in the South East part of the country.
Australia’s surrounding neighboring countries are Papua New Guinea, which is about 200km north, and New Zealand, which is about 1920km away from the west. Australia is also 2000km to the north of Antarctica. It is also close to Indonesia, East Timor, The Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia.
Australia is regarded as the sixth largest country in the world and the 13th largest economy in the world, therefore, it is considered as a highly urbanized country, and a recognized member of G20, Commonwealth of Nations, Pacific Islands Forum, The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, United Nations, The treaty of ANZUS (Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty).
Important facts about Australia
Capital city: Canberra
Largest city: Sydney
Total area: 2,941,299 sq mi
Population: 22,899,002 (2012)
Density: 2.8 per km2
Currency: Australian Dollar
Language: There is no official language in Australia. However, majority of the Australians speak English.
The name of Australia is derived from a Latin term Australis, which is also known as southern in English. Other names and colloquial term for Australia are OZ, Australian, Aussie, Official name of Australia is Commonwealth of Australia.
Furthermore, Australia is rich in heritage and culture, because it consists of more than 100 ethnic groups. Although many of the Australians were born and raised in different countries, they never fail to enrich and preserve their own, while incorporating some of their learning from the different cultures they were raised in.
Australia is a home of a relaxed, friendly, and informal society. It is easy to mingle and greet people by just saying hi or hello. People prefer to be called using their first names, if you know them, or you can simply say, “Hey mate” if you don’t know them.